35-52 HUMAN BIOMETRICS AND BIOMETRIC RECOGNITION SYSTEMS; AN OVERVIEW
BIOMETRICA UMANĂ ȘI SISTEMELE DE RECUNOȘTERI BIOMETRICE; O IMAGINE DE ANSAMBLU
Biometric technology is gaining a significant role in presenting the solutions for many issues in various applications that demands person identification such as forensic science, security, finance affairs, border checking and government ministries and offices. It is defined as the technology of analyzing physiological and behavioral traits such as face, fingerprint, iris, retina, voice, and signature etc., for person identification and authorization. Nowadays, lots of research works are carrying out to accomplish biometric recognition systems based on various types of human traits. To provide a comprehensive survey, this paper presents an overview to five biometric traits (iris, fingerprints, face, voice and signature). The overview will cover the way of acquisition, application area, methods of implementation, strength/weakness, and system evaluation.
Keywords: Biometrics, Biometric Recognition System, iris, Fingerprints, Finger Vein, Palm Vein, Face Recognition, Gait Recognition, Human Traits, Voice Recognition, Signature Recognition Cuvinte cheie: Biometrie, Sistem de recunoaștere biometrică, iris, amprente, vene de deget, vena palmei, recunoaștere a feței, recunoaștere a trecerii, trăsături umane, recunoaștere vocală, recunoaștere semnătură