RESEARCH OF OPACITY AND CONSUMPTION AT DACIA SANDERO 1.5 DCI WITHOUT AN INJECTOR
The study of opacity, in particular for Dacia Sandero 1.5 dCi compression ignited engine in two distinctive operating circumstances was developed by monitoring the exhaust emission and fuel flow with and without an injector failure. The first part of the research is focused on Sandero presentation and its relation with environmental pollution. The last improvements and optimizations of the car are conducted toward the increased performance and efficiency of the car’s operation. The opacity is one of the most important pollution aspects from compression ignited engines. Its effects on the environment are great and significant. It is also analyzed the ecological and dynamic design of the studied car. The present study makes a brief analyze of the available literature on the problem of emissions and consumption. The engine’s improvement and the optimization process should take into account the pollutant emissions and the real source. Last but not least there is a study of vehicle structure, of the common-rail injection system with specific devices for the pollutant emissions control on the investigated car. The paper also presents the applied or the practical part of the research work. In this part the most interesting aspect are the experimental data acquired during the practical measurements in operation, when it is managed the data package and the graphical representation of the results from Dacia Sandero 1.5 dCi engine. This was achieved by monitoring the variation of the exhaust opacity and the fuel consumption level in operating conditions. The study ends with conclusions, observations and predefined development directions.
Keywords: carbon deposits, engine, injection, opacity, pollution
Cuvinte cheie: depozite de carbon, motor, injecție, opacitate, poluare