MODERN WATER COURSE MONITORING SYSTEM The Romanian legislation provides for protection of the quality of surface water. This requires continuous follow-up or a certain time period of water quality of rivers and lakes. The paper presents an automatic water quality tracking system using modern methods of transmitting and interpreting remote data using computing technique. Keywords : Surface water quality, monitoring, monitoring stations Cuvinte cheie : calitatea apelor de suprafață, monitorizare, stații de monitorizare Descarcare text
OBTAINING ACTIVATED WATER AND THEIR USE
The process of activating water is a complex process. Theoretically, it does not change the chemical composition of water, but hydrogen and oxygen ions occur, which are very active. These ions are unstable and as a result the water ionization phenomenon disappears after 48 hours. The paper shows how to obtain activated water and the areas of use.
Keywords : Water activated, water activation process, ionized water use Cuvinte cheie: apa activată, proces de activare a apei, utilizare apă
EVALUATION OF THE POLLUTION EMISSION
LEVEL IN INDUSTRIAL ZONES
Humans in their daily activities are causing urban pollution. Industry, agriculture and transport are the activities main responsible. Determinations for pollutant emissions were made in three separate cities, all belonging to Alba County. The measurements indicate that emission limit value was not exceeded.
Keywords: industrial pollution, polluting emissions, monitoring
Cuvinte cheie: poluarea mediului industrial, monitorizarea mediului
EFFECTS OF ROAD VEHICLE POLLUTION ON
ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH
Road traffic in present is a source of environmental and human pollution. The paper presents some of the polluting elements produced by road vehicles. They also present their effects on man and environment. At the end of the work are made a series of recommendations for reducing the pollution due to road traffic.
Key words: Environment pollution, road traffic, reducing the pollution
Cuvinte cheie: Poluarea mediului, transport rutier
BIOGAS ALTERNATIVE SOURSCE OF ENERGY
The paper presents several aspects related to the production of biogas from vegetable demerara and sludge resulting in wastewater treatment plants. The history of biogas production, the legislation in force, as well as the principles of the biogas process are presented. At the end of the work there are several economic advantages and environmental protection by processing organic waste to obtain biogas.
Keywords: alternative sources of energy, obtaining and utilizing biogas
Cuvinte cheie: surse alternative de energie, obținerea și utilizarea biogazului
ASPECTS RELATING CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS
IMPACT ON SOIL
Chemical fertilizers are frequently used in agriculture for increasing agricultural outputs. Incorrect handling can cause soil pollution and damage to surface waters. The paper provides a series of chemical fertilizers examples used frequently in Romania. Furthermore the paper is showing an analysis on their impact on soil and water. A series of determinations were made for revealing their presence and their provenance. In this regard the paper is proposing to carry out a data base for revealing information about: identification, implementation and evaluation of risk assessment on soil caused by certain pollutants (heavy metals, nitrides).
Keywords: fertilizer, soil pollution, impact on the environment
Cuvinte cheie: îngrășăminte chimice, poluarea solului, impact asupra mediului
EFFECTS OF EXPOSURE TO POLLUTANTS
IN ENCLOSED SPACES
Air quality enclosed spaces such as schools, offices etc., and
influences in health workers of those spaces. Due to the presence of the
numerous sources of pollution inside/outside school and taking into account the
danger of volatile organic compounds on health, their study has become
important worldwide. In this context, management of indoor air quality in
schools must be maintained continuously for disease control and prevention
acute and chronic, particularly those related to chemical and biological pollution
Keywords: air pollution, volatile organic compounds
Cuvinte cheie: poluarea aerului, compuşi organici volatili
STUDIES AND RESEARCH ON THE SPECIAL FEATURES
OF BIODIVERSITY IN THE AREA OF THE RIVER BARZAVA
This paper presents the main features of biodiversity in the area
Bârzava evil. In several field campaigns were studied both vegetation and
fauna. The result of this research revealed that extibde always cultivated areas,
which negatively affects biodiversity.
Keywords: biodiversity, fauna vegetation
Cuvinte cheie: biodiversitate, faună, vegetație
ADVANCED METHODS OF SEWAGE SLUDGE
ORGANIC WASTE WATER
In wastewater of Urban can be found in large quantities of organic
substances. The elimination of such substances through the advanced
treatment is a trend at world level, for comply with legislation concerning the
protection of waters to the surface. Organic cleaning aerobic and anaerobic can
be a solution for the protection of the environment. Biological processes are
among the most widespread and applied for the treatment of organic residues
of biodegradable films. It is based on the activity of micro-organisms of different
types (mainly bacteria) oriented toward the destruction of organic compounds.
Biological processes of sewage sludge residues, that in principle, are fully
similar to those of sewage sludge organic hydric bodies.
Keywords: sludge advanced, biological treatment
Cuvinte cheie: epurare avansată, epurare biologică
RED IMPACT FROM SLUDGE PROCESS FOR THE
PRODUCTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ALUMINEI Red sludge is a waste resulting from the Bayer process of refining bauxite to produce alumina. Red sludge is a waste strongly alkaline due to NaOH. Its composition depends on a number of factors but essentially the composition of the bauxite. Everything depends on the composition and quantity of bauxite red mud result: between 0.33 to 2 tons of red mud per tons of alumina produced or 0.4-2 tons of red mud per tons of alumina produced. The main environmental issue out of the sheer amount of red sludge produced is alkalinity. In paper presents analysis of the composition of this material particularly as regards the possibility of environmental pollution. Another factor that is useful to know in terms of environmental impact, especially in case of accidents knows the amount of acid required to bring the pH to a particular environmental acceptable values.
Keywords: red sludge, bauxite, waste alkaline
Cuvinte cheie: nămol roşu, bauxită, deşeu alcalin
METHODOLOGY FOR DETERMINING THE
CONCENTRATION OF PARTICULATE MATTER FROM
ATMOSPHERE IN CLUJ-NAPOCA CITY
The study presents an analysis of methods for determining particle
suspension in atmosphere for Cluj-Napoca city. It shows the sampling method
and ways how to choose areas depending on the nature of traffic sampling. It
shows the equipment used in measurements.
Keywords: Particulate matter, air pollution, determination the level of
Cuvinte cheie: particule materiale, poluarea aerului, dereminarea
nivelului de poluare a aerului
STUDIES AND RESEARCH ON DETERMINING
AIR QUALITY IN CLUJ-NAPOCA CITY
This paper presents a series analysis of pollutants from urban
environment, respective to Cluj-Napoca city. It insisted on greenhouse
gas, gas that generates acid rain, as well as particulate matters.
Measurement were analysed and centralized to see in time the
evolution of these emissions.
Keywords: air quality, factors of air polluting
Cuvinte cheie: calitatea aerului, determinarea factorilor poluanți
METHODOLOGY FOR DETERMINING THE
CONCENTRATION OF PARTICLE IN ATMOSPHERE
This paper presents a series of results for determining air quality in
Cluj-Napoca area. The measurements were aimed primarily for determination
of particulate matter using modern equipment to determine aerosols. For
determinations were chosen areas where is intense traffic.
Keywords: particulate matter, determining aerosol, means for
Cuvinte cheie: particule in suspensie, determinare aerosolilor, metode
ANALYSIS OF THE MAIN RESOURCES OF THE EARTH
THROUGH THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE
The paper is reviewing data from specialized literature regarding
intense anthropic systems. The development of urban-industrialized areas and
impact on two of the basic natural resources: water and energy were analysed.
It discusses a modern concept of water footprint on finished products
and changes in energy consumption by the global distribution of natural
Cuvinte cheie: dezvoltare durabilă, resurse ale Pământului,
ecosisteme, apa, energie
Keywords: sustainable development, Earth resources, ecosystems,
ISSUES REGARDING THE TRANSFER OF MODELLING
LIQUID TO WATER FILTRATION THROUGH A SAND FILTER
This paper brings study of hydrodynamic filtration laws and their
mathematical equations. Hydrological problems are formulated according
deterministic and stochastic methods. Modelling principles are presented for
solving specific hydrological issues.
Cuvinte cheie: legea lui Darcy, starea de echilibru, flux saturat, flux
tranzitoriu saturat, principii de modelare
Keywords: Darcy’s law, steady-state saturated flow, transient saturated
flow, modelling principles
WATER QUALITY-DETERMINATION OF
THE BABADAG LAKE ECOSYSTEM
Black Danube is declared the biggest natural reservation from Europe.
Due to the fact that Danube river is a water collector in Europe, it flows all the
impurities and pollutants that people discharge into rivers, which are affluent of
Danube. The present study is a warning against water pollution in the Danube
Delta, pollution that may affect biodiversity.
Cuvinte cheie: Delta Dunării, Lacul Babadag, apă poluată
Key words: Danube Delta, Babadag Lake, polluted water